B.K. Sandwell (1876-1954), theatre critic for the Montreal Herald, publishes his essay "The Annexation of Our Stage" in the November Canadian Magazine. He charges that "Canada is the only nation in the world whose stage is entirely controlled by aliens. She is the only nation in the world whose sons and daughters are compelled to go to a foreign capital for permission to act in their own language on the boards of their own theatres. The only road to the applause of a Toronto theatre audience is by way of Broadway. The Montreal girl who wants to show her own people that she can act must sign an agreement with a New York manager."